Country of origin: Spain
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family, a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the seacoast and on riverbanks. It is erect, grey-green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 m, with hollow stems. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long, are finely dissected, with threadlike ends. The flowers are produced an inverted umbrella cluster, 5–15 cm wide, with dozens of tiny yellow flowers on short stems. The fruit is a dry, grooved seed from 4–10 mm long.Fennel is widely cultivated, both in its native range and elsewhere, for its edible, strongly flavored and aromatic leaves and fruits.