MANUELA VIERA GALLO
Country of origin: Chile
Plant: Avocado Tree
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree that is native to South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering laurel family. The tree grows to 20 m, with alternately arranged leaves 12–25 cm long. The flowers are greenish-yellow and inconspicuous.
Avocado additionally refers to the tree’s pear-shaped fruit, which is botanically a large berry, 7–20 cm long, weighing between 100 and 1,000 g, containing a single large central seed. The fruits are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world. They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical. The oldest evidence of avocado use dates to around 10,000 in Puebla, Mexico.