Country of origin: Mexico
Plant: Corn

Corn, Zea mays, derives its name from the Arawak mahizi which literally means that which sustains life.‟ The name corn was added by the Europeans who referred to all small-seeded cereal grains as corn; they used the term “Indian Corn” when referring to this American grain denoting its connection with the Native Americans. Raising two to twenty feet high, corn stalks can have anywhere from eight to forty-eight leaves and multiple ears. Each stalk produces ears that contain many rows of kernels that grow off of the cob of the ear and are enclosed by a leafy husk. Zea mays is an annual grass of the Maydeae family of the genesis Gramineae. Other grasses in this family include wheat, barley, rye, sugarcane, sorghum, and riceiv. One main difference between corn and other cereals is that it bears seed heads, ears, that are larger than any other grass. Also corn has a higher yield of food per unit than any other grain. This productivity is one of the main contributing factors of corn‟s appeal to farmers.