Outer_Seed_Shadow-02-Mamillaria_Cactus_Gennady_Braginsky

Country of origin: Ukraine
Plant: Mammillaria Cactus

The Mammilaria genus is one of the largest in the cactus family, with more than 200 known species, commonly known as “pincushion cacti,” mostly native to Mexico and the southwest USA, but also the Caribbean, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras.

The scientific name refers to the Latin mammilla, “nipple,” referring to the nodules that are among the distinctive features of the genus. This characteristic areole feature splits into two clearly separated parts, one occurring at the apex of the tubercle, the other at its base. The apex part is spine bearing, and the base part is always spineless, but usually bears some bristles or wool. The base part of the areole bears the flowers and fruits, and is a branching point. 

The plants are usually small rounds, globular or elongated, with stems ranging from 1 cm to 20 cm in diameter and from 1 cm to 40 cm tall, with solitary to clumping nodules forming mounds of up to 100 heads and with radial symmetry. Tubercles can be conical, cylindrical, pyramidal or round. The roots are fibrous, fleshy or tuberous. The flowers are funnel-shaped and range in size and color. The fruit is berry-like, club-shaped or elongated, usually red.